RE-POSTED FOR MY FRIEND T.K.
HOW TO TEACH THE P SOUND:
Emerges before 2 years of age
Typically mastered by girls and boys by 3 years of age
The P sound is considered to be a bilabial sound. This means that you are using your lips together to make this sound. It is an unvoiced sound, which means that your vocal folds do not vibrate/move when you make this sound.
Visual Cue/Physical Cue:
To help your child produce this bilabial sound it is good to give her a visual cue/physical. Which means that you are showing her what the sound “looks like” or the type of sound it is. By this I mean……I like to teach children to understand the difference between a short sound that stops (like the P sound), a long sound that continues (like the S sound) or a vibrating sound/motor on sound (like the G sound).
When working on the P sound I use a specific physical cue to help the child “see” and “feel” what the sound is like…….the cue I often use during therapy works just like this (and remember your child’s speech and language pathologist may have one that works better for your child and elicits the sound more effectively). Use the cue that works best for you and your child.
Okay, now back to the cue: Make a fist with your hand and then open up your fingers as fast as you can. While doing this action, produce the P sound. Have your child watch you and then help her to do the same with her hand.
You can also have your child feel the puff of air that comes out of your mouth when you make the sound. That gives her a tactile cue….she feels the air on her hand. I find in therapy that the more cues that I give a child, the easier it will be for her to make the sound.
Verbal Cue: Be sure to give her a verbal cue-this means that you are modeling the sound for her so that she can hear the correct pronunciation of the sound. You can produce the sound in different vowel combinations. Once she is able to make the sound, try it with different vowel combinations such as the following: Pa, pa, pa. Pe, pe, pe. Po, po, po and Pi, Pi Pi.
Melodic cue: When saying the sounds be sure to put a little bit of melody to what you are saying….music is on the right side of the brain and language is on the left. When we tap into the right and left side at the same time…it makes it easier for your child to say the sound. I often give parents the bologna example. If you can’t remember how to spell bologna don’t you sing the bologna song???? B O L O G N A.
Fun tip for P: Hold a tissue in front of your child’s mouth….about an inch and a half away….ask her make the P sound……when she makes the P sound…..she should be able to see that her puff of air made the tissue move. I also do this with small colorful scarves.
WORKSHEET FOR INITIAL P WORDS: INITIALPWORDS
Here is another link for initial P words…initial_p_2
A special thanks to www.speakingofspeech.com The initial /p/ Cards for playing Memory and Go Fish. Contributed by Sara Behncke.