WHICH ONE DOES NOT BELONG?
If you show your little one the picture above….she most likely would be able to tell you that the pear does not belong in the group…it is the only one that is different from the rest of the group…the visual definitely makes answering the question-Which one does not belong– much easier….meaning if you just said to your little one (without showing her the picture above)….tell me which one does not belong in the group: Orange, orange, orange, pear…..even though I am pretty sure she would get the answer….she still has to work on her auditory memory to recall the four words that she heard….and then determine the one that does not belong. The example I gave above is very very simple….and I would only use this visual as a trial…..so that she understood that her job is to pick the one that DOES NOT belong.
For some little ones deciding which word/picture/object does not belong in the group can be a tough task. So use the picture above as the trial….and then….I start on the verbal activities such as the examples below. I start this speech and language activity with some four-year olds….then five…..six…..seven……and up….making the tasks more challenging. I will explain below the skills that are targeted.
So if you are driving in your car….folding laundry….making dinner…lunches…bath-time….folding more laundry….cleaning the house….getting breakfast ready…..in the supermarket…..where-ever you are…..tell your little one that you need her to help you figure out which one does not belong in the group….and give examples like the following:
apple, shoe, pear
cat, burger, dog
car, plane, pizza
Ask your little one to tell you which one does not belong….and then WHY….this is the hard part….kids will say: the pizza does not belong….because the pizza does not belong. What I want to hear is this: The pizza does not belong because you can drive a car and plane (both forms of transportation-if they can actually categorize that is great!) and the pizza is something you eat, it is in the food category. Now it takes the little ones a lot of practice before they can give that entire answer. The why in answers….is the most challenging.
For the older ones I may give the following examples:
eraser, car, desk, teacher, textbook (four of the five objects are found in a classroom the car is transportation)
car, truck, motorcycle, plane, bicycle ( the plane does not belong in the group….even though they are all forms of transportation….the plane is the only one that flies in the air…the others stay on the road/ground).
For the five, six and seven-year olds….I keep it simple to three and four words in the group….they really enjoy this activity…..it is something simple that you can do at home without having to buy anything.
Understanding of the word exclusion
Similarities and Differences
****to enrich the activity a little bit…and to work on auditory memory…..after your little one has indicated that word that does not belong in the group…and told you WHY…..see if she can now recall the three words in the group……does she remember that you initially said: apple, shoe and pear
****looking to challenge her some more…..ask her to provide the three words to you….and now you have to pick the one that does not belong in the group and explain WHY.
Have fun with your little one or big one!